The first passenger locomotive

For the classroom

Full view of Locomotion No.1


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© Image courtesy of Head of Steam – Darlington Railway Museum Locomotion No.1 is on loan from the National Railway Museum.

Close up of coal tender


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© Image courtesy of Head of Steam – Darlington Railway Museum Locomotion No.1 is on loan from the National Railway Museum.

Close up of wheels and track


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© Image courtesy of Head of Steam – Darlington Railway Museum Locomotion No.1 is on loan from the National Railway Museum.

An early locomotive


Print with a Yorkshire scene showing an early colliery steam locomotive in the background; AD 1813.

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Railway works at Ebute Metta


The British Governor of Lagos, Nigeria, local kings and chiefs inspect the railway works at Ebute Metta. The kings are dressed in Yoruba traditional attire and hold walking sticks; AD 1880 – 1898.

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The Stockton and Darlington railway

Source: bbc.co.uk

BBC Class Clip about the Stockton and Darlington Railway, with a working replica of Locomotion No.1 pulling passenger carriages.

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0151qsm

Stephenson’s development of Locomotion No.1

Source: bbc.co.uk

BBC Class Clip on Stephenson’s development of Locomotion No.1.

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/clips/zxmcjxs

A boiler explosion

Source: thenorthernecho.co.uk

Northern Echo article about the driver killed by a boiler explosion and his descendants.

Visit the site http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/1260042.born_cree/

Locomotion No.1’s first journey, accidents and subsequent developments

Source: spartacus-educational.com

Visit the site http://spartacus-educational.com/RAlocomotion.htm

Victorian sources

Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

A variety of Victorian sources from the National Archives, including several linked to the theme of railways.

Visit the site http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/victorian-lives/?show=all#more

Consequences of the railways, a useful summary

Source: bbc.co.uk

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/shp/britishsociety/railwaysrev7.shtml

A day at the great exhibition

Source: vam.ac.uk

Video with a diary entry about an excursion by train to the Great Exhibition in 1851 (01:20-02:00).

See this video on vam.ac.uk http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/videos/a/video-day-at-the-great-exhibition/

Victorian transport and communications

Source: bl.uk

Article and prints, photographs and newspaper cuttings from the British Library.

Visit the site http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/victorians/transport/communication.html

The world that railways made

Source: bbc.co.uk

BBC video: 10 minutes, with sections on positive and negative aspects and leisure.

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0151t8r

Early views on steam power

Source: wellcomeimages.org

Cartoon reflecting some early views on steam power; a high resolution image can be downloaded free of charge.

Visit the site http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/V0041005.html

George Stephenson

Source: sciencemuseum.org.uk

Portrait and short article about George Stephenson.

Visit the site http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/onlinestuff/people/george%20stephenson%2017811848.aspx

How did the railways change the lives of people in Victorian Britain?

Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

National archives sources and activities.

Visit the site http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/victorianbritain/pdf/happy.pdf

Outside the classroom

Here are some relevant museums and sites to visit.

Head of Steam – Darlington Railway Museum, Darlington


Visit the site http://www.darlington.gov.uk/leisure-and-culture/head-of-steam/

National Railway Museum, York


Visit the site http://www.nrm.org.uk/

Beamish Museum, Beamish, County Durham


Visit the site http://www.beamish.org.uk/

Stephenson Railway Museum, North Shields


Visit the site http://www.twmuseums.org.uk/stephenson.html

Science Museum, London


Visit the site http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/

Map of heritage railways in the UK


Visit the site http://www.heritage-railways.com/map.php

The first passenger locomotive